Thalassaemia is a diseases affecting the red blood cells, producing either no or too little hemoglobin, which is used by red blood cells to carry oxygen around the body. Lack of hemoglobin results in reduced oxygen to every cell in the body. Thalassaemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin. Such mutations are passed from parents to children.
Main Symptoms:

  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Pale or yellowish skin.
  • Delayed growth.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Abdominal swelling.
  • Bone deformities.
  • Frequent inflammations.

Thalassaemia is a group of inherited diseases that cannot be prevented. A person with thalassaemia or trait should consult a specialist in genetic disorders.To prevent vertical transmission, premarital screening is recommended to verify whether man or woman carries mutant chains of genes.